Fine Needle Aspiration of Cysts/Nodes

A Fine Needle Aspiration is a type of biopsy in which a thin needle is inserted into a fluid filled cyst or a lymph node to extract fluid or cells. The procedure is done using a local anaesthetic to minimise the discomfort and samples are then sent to the laboratory for further analysis.

Core Biopsies [Sonar or Stereotactic Guidance]

Core biopsies are performed when a breast image shows a mass, a cluster of micro calcifications, or an area of abnormal tissue.

The radiologist uses a series of x-rays to determine the precise location of the area, and, using a local anaesthetic to minimise pain, extracts a sample using a special biopsy needle. The tissue sample is then sent to pathology for analysis.

Wire Localisation [Sonar or Stereotactic Guidance]

A wire localisation biopsy is a type of surgical biopsy used when an abnormal area is found on a mammogram but cannot be felts as a lump on examination. This may require removal of the area and wire localisation will help the surgeon to find the area more easily.

A mall hooked wire is inserted under your skin into the area of breast that is causing concern, helping to mark it. A surgeon can then use the wire to find the abnormal spot in your breast so that he or she can remove it.

Galactograms / Ductography

A breast galactogram is an imaging technique which is used to evaluate lesions causing nipple discharge. It can help to precisely locate the mass in the breast and provide information for the radiologist.

The procedure involves injecting a water soluble contrast into a breast duct, followed by a mammogram of the breast. The contrast helps to clarify the image and identify the abnormality. Some discomfort may be felt during the procedure.